eISSN: 2345-2781  



First published online: 29 Nov 2015
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J Renal Inj Prev. 2015;4(4).
doi: 10.12861/jrip.2015.25
PMID: 26693498
PMCID: PMC4685981

Original Article

The prevalence of hypercalciuria in girl kids with over active bladder

Parsa Yousefichaijan 1, Mohammad Rafiei 2, Atefeh Aziminejad 1, Abdolghader Pakniyat 3 *

1 Department of Pediatric Nephrology, Arak University of Medical Sciences, Arak, Iran
2 Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, Arak University of Medical Sciences, Arak, Iran
3 Student Research Committee, Department of Emergency Medicine, Arak University of Medical Sciences, Arak, Iran
*Corresponding author: Abdolghader Pakniyat, Email: abdolghader.pakniyat@gmail.com

Abstract

Introduction: Hypercalciuria may be a sign of over active bladder, these symptoms may be treated if we get rid of hypercalciuria.

Objectives: This paper is intended to get to the prevalence of hypercalciuria in girl kids with over active bladder. Patients and Methods: All patients with index of over active urinary bladder who admitted to Amir-Kabir hospital of Arak and children who have admitted without any particular disease just for a laboratory check were studied simultaneously. Urine sample was taken from both groups.

Results: The prevalence of hypercalciuria in the group with normal urinary bladder was 22.6% and in the case group was 42.9%. Hypercalciuria was reported in 30 (22.6%) children of control group and 57 (42.9%) children of case group. Based on chi-square test, hypercalciuria distribution between the two groups is not homogeneous (P = 0.001). Mean calcium to creatinine ratios were 2.384330 ± 0.55694 (mg/mg) and 2.186552 ± 0.56714 (mg/mg) for control and case groups respectively and no significant difference is observed between the two groups (P = 0.976). Based on logistic regression test, there is a significant relationship between both case and control groups and the occurrence of hypercalciuria with 2.58 times more than control group observed in case group.

Conclusion: Based on the high prevalence of hypercalciuria in case group, examination and treatment of hypercalciuria in patients with over active bladder may be effective.

Implication for health policy/practice/research/medical education:

Hypercalciuria may be a sign of over active bladder, hence examination and treatment of hypercalciuria in patients with over active bladder may be effective.

Please cite this paper as: Yousefichaijan P, Rafiei M, Aziminejad A, Pakniyat A. The prevalence of hypercalciuria in girl kids with over active bladder. J Renal Inj Prev. 2015;4(4):117-119. DOI: 10.12861/jrip.2015.25

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