First published online: 09 Aug 2016
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J Renal Inj Prev. 2016;5(3).
doi: 10.15171/jrip.2016.26
PMID: 27689107
PMCID: PMC5039997
  Abstract View: 1094
  PDF Download: 875

Original Article

An ethnobotanical study of medicinal plants administered for the treatment of hypertension

Babak Baharvand-Ahmadi 1, Mahmoud Bahmani 2, Pegah Tajeddini 3, Mahmoud Rafieian-Kopaei 3, Nasrollah Naghdi 2 *

1 Madani Heart Hospital, Department of Cardiovascular, Faculty of Medicine, Lorestan University of Medical Sciences, Khorramabad, Iran
2 Clinical Microbiology Research Center, Ilam University of Medical Sciences, Ilam, Iran
3 Medical Plants Research Center, Shahrekord University of Medical sciences, Shahrekord, Iran
*Corresponding author: Nasrollah Naghdi; Email:


Introduction: The incidence of cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) is very high in human societies and their prevention and treatment are the most important priority in many countries. Hypertension makes an important contribution to the development of CVDs.

Objectives: This study aimed to collect the ethno-medicinal knowledge of the traditional healers of Shiraz on medicinal plants used in the treatment of hypertension.

Materials and Methods: Ethno-medicinal data were collected from September 2012 to July 2013 through direct interview. Twenty-five healers were interviewed using semi-structured questionnaires and their traditional ethno-medicinal knowledge was recorded. Questionnaires were included apothecary personal information, plant local name, plant parts used, method of preparation, season of harvest and traditional use. Data collected from surveys and interviews were transferred to Microsoft Excel 2007 and analyzed.

Results: Analysis of data showed that, 27 medicinal plants from 22 families are used for the treatment of hypertension. The families with most antihypertensive species were Apiaceae (8%), Rosaceae (8%) and Papaveraceae (8%). The most frequently used plant parts were leaves (36%) followed by fruits (30%), aerial part (17%) and branches (7%). The most frequently used preparation method was decoction (95%). Borago officinalis (51.85%), Berberis vulgaris (51.58%) had the highest frequency of mention.

Conclusion: The ethno-medicinal survey of medicinal plants recommended by traditional healers for the treatment of hypertension provides new areas of research on the antihypertensive effect of medicinal plants. In the case of safety and effectiveness, they can be refined and processed to produce natural drugs.

Implication for health policy/practice/research/medical education:

Hypertension known as high blood pressure which it is a long-term medical condition in which the blood pressure in the arteries is persistently elevated. Blood pressure is expressed by two measurements, the systolic and diastolic pressures, which are the maximum and minimum pressures, respectively, in the arterial system. In addition to chemical drugs that are commonly prescribed by physicians, there are various ways to comply with them to control the disease, such as exercise, quit smoking, reducing stress and use of medicinal plants in moderation. In our study showed that 27 medicinal plants from 22 families are used for the treatment of hypertension which could have the potential to produce natural remedies for high blood pressure.

Please cite this paper as: Baharvand-Ahmadi B, Bahmani M, Tajeddini P, Rafieian-Kopaei M, Naghdi N. An ethnobotanical study of medicinal plants administered for the treatment of hypertension. J Renal Inj Prev. 2016;5(3):123-128. DOI: 10.15171/jrip.2016.26

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