eISSN: 2345-2781  
J Renal Inj Prev. 2016;5(3).
doi: 10.15171/jrip.2016.27
PMID: 27689108
PMCID: PMC5039998

Original Article

Identification of medicinal plants for the treatment of kidney and urinary stones
 

Mahmoud Bahmani 1, Babak Baharvand-Ahmadi 2, Pegah Tajeddini 3, Mahmoud Rafieian-Kopaei 3, Nasrollah Naghdi 4 *

1 Razi Herbal Medicines Research Center, Lorestan University of Medical Sciences, Khorramabad, Iran
2 Madani Heart Hospital, Department of Cardiovascular, Faculty of Medicine, Lorestan University of Medical Sciences, Khorramabad, Iran
3 Medical Plants Research Center, Shahrekord University of Medical sciences, Shahrekord, Iran
4 Clinical Microbiology Research Center, Ilam University of Medical Sciences, Ilam, Iran
*Corresponding author: Nasrollah Naghdi; Email: dr.naghdi93@gmail.com

Abstract

Introduction: Kidney stones are the third most common urinary tract problems after urinary tract infections and prostate pathology. Kidney stones may cause extreme pain and blockage of urine flow. They are usually treated with medications that may cause a number of side-effects. Medicinal herbs are used in different cultures as a reliable source of natural remedies.

Objectives: This study aimed to determine native medicinal plants used by traditional healers of Shiraz for the treatment of kidney stones.

Materials and Methods: The ethno-medicinal data were collected between July and September 2012 through face-to-face interview with local herbalist.

Results: A total of 18 species belonging to 19 botanical families were recorded in study area. Species with the highest frequency of mentions were Alhagi maurorum (51.58%), Tribulus terrestris (51.58%), and Nigella sativa (48.14). The most frequently used plant parts were aerial parts (38%), leaf (33%) and fruits (17%). Decoction (68%) was the most frequently prescribed method of preparation. Most of the medicinal plants recommended by Shirazian herbalists have not been investigated in animal and humane models of renal stone which provides a new area of research.

Conclusion: In the case of safety and effectiveness, they can be refined and processed to produce natural drugs.

Implication for health policy/practice/research/medical education:

Kidney stones known as a renal calculus which it is a solid piece of material which is formed in the kidneys from minerals in urine. Kidney stones typically leave the body in the urine stream, and a small stone may pass without causing symptoms. The use of herbs in the prevention and treatment of kidney stones is a useful strategy. In this study, we have reported 18 species in Shiraz which were used for the treatment of renal calculus which could have the potential to produce natural remedies for removed kidney stone.

Please cite this paper as: Bahmani M, Baharvand-Ahmadi B, Tajeddini P, Rafieian-Kopaei M, Naghdi N. Identification of medicinal plants for the treatment of kidney and urinary stones. J Renal Inj Prev. 2016;5(3):129-133. DOI: 10.15171/jrip.2016.27

 
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