eISSN: 2345-2781  



First published online: 14 Nov 2016
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. 2017;6(2):70-75.
doi: 10.15171/jrip.2017.13
PMID: 28497077
PMCID: PMC5423286

Review Article

What do we know about pediatric renal microlithiasis?

Mohammad Amin Fallahzadeh 1, Jafar Hassanzadeh 2, Mohammad Hossein Fallahzadeh 1 *

1 Shiraz Nephrourology Research Center, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran
2 Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran
*Corresponding author: Professor Mohammad Hossein Fallahzadeh, Email: fallahzh@sums.ac.ir

Abstract

Renal or calyceal microlithiasis is a common disorder with increasing prevalence especially in infants and younger children. The main presenting symptoms and the underlying metabolic abnormalities of renal microlithiasis are similar to renal stone. Although renal microlithiasis is considered as a main problem of the health system with diverse etiologies, our information about its natural course is very limited. Hence, further investigations to make an appropriate clinical approach to this entity is mandatory. Also, general practitioners, pediatricians, nephrologists and urologists have to be well educated regarding renal microlithiasis for early diagnosis, appropriate evaluation and proper management of this entity. In this review study, we focused on collection of the present information about different aspects of renal microlithiasis in children

Implication for health policy/practice/research/medical education:

Pediatric renal microlithiasis is a common entity which can present with non-specific symptoms in infants and young children. With technological advancements and growing expertise, renal microlithiasis can be diagnosed more easily than before. Better understanding of different aspects of this disorder discussed in this article will result in early diagnosis and appropriate management of renal microlithiasis. This, in turn, will decrease the prevalence of renal stone.

Please cite this paper as: Fallahzadeh MA, Hassanzadeh J, Fallahzadeh MH. What do we know about pediatric renal microlithiasis? J Renal Inj Prev. 2017;6(2):70-75. DOI: 10.15171/jrip.2017.13.

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