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Journal of Renal Injury Prevention 2017;6(3):188-191. doi:10.15171/jrip.2017.36
How spiral computed tomography can be helpful in the evaluation of urinary stones composition?

Original Article

Shahram Gooran 1, Zohreh Rohani 2, Sirvan Akhgar 3, Mohsen Rajabnia Chenari 4, Esmaeil Rezghi Maleki 5, Behzad Narouie 5,6 *

1 Urology Research Center, Sina Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
2 Department of Radiology, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences, Zahedan, Iran
3 Zahedan University of Medical Sciences, Zahedan, Iran
4 Student Research Committee, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences, Zahedan, Iran
5 Urology and Nephrology Research Center, Department of Urology, Shahid Labbafinejad Medical Center, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
6 Department of Urology, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences, Zahedan, Iran


*Corresponding author: Behzad Narouie,
Email: b_narouie@yahoo.com

Abstract

Introduction: Knowing the composition of a urinary calculus is frequently a key factor in determining its most appropriate management. Helical computed tomography (CT) can provide helpful information on stone size and stone composition.

Objectives: We sought to determine the urinary stone composition by CT characteristics.

Materials and Methods: Since March 2008 till August 2009, 120 renal stones were obtained from patients who had undergone pyelolithotomy or nephrolithotomy at the Imam-Ali hospital, Zahedan, Iran. Stones with the largest diameter more than or equal to 5 mm were studied. Each calculus was placed inside the chicken lean meat. The radiologist was unaware of the exact chemical composition of the stones. We used independent sample t test for comparison of the absolute Hounsfield unit (HU) values of the different types of calculi.

Results: Of total 120 participated patients, 67 (55.8%) were male and 53 of them (44.2%) were female. The mean age of cases was 35.8 ± 12.4 years. According to HU in CT scan and final confirmation with chemical analysis, the calculi were classified into several groups. Of 120 stones, 112 were chemically pure and 8 were mixed. There were 59 calcium oxalate, 27 calcium phosphate, 17 uric acid, 5 struvite, 4 cysteine and 8 mixed stones with variable ratios. In the analysis of the stones, overall difference between densities of the stones was statistically significant (P < 0.001).

Conclusion: According to the result of our study, we concluded that the use of non-contrast CT can be helpful in the prediction of urinary stone composition



Notes

Implication for health policy/practice/research/medical education:

Mean density of the urinary stones has significant differences. Stone densitometry can be used to differentiate stones from each other. Generally we can state that the use of non-contrast CT and its HU densitometry can be helpful in the prediction of urinary stone composition and it may improve prevention, diagnosis and treatment of urinary stones.

Please cite this paper as: Gooran Sh, Rohani Z, Akhgar S, Rajabnia Chenari M, Rezghi Maleki E, Narouie B. How spiral computed tomography can be helpful in the evaluation of urinary stones composition? J Renal Inj Prev. 2017;6(3):188-191. DOI: 10.15171/jrip.2017.36.


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Published by Nickan Research Institute