eISSN: 2345-2781  



First published online: 19 Dec 2016
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. 2017;6(3):205-209.
doi: 10.15171/jrip.2017.39

Original Article

Effects of dietary approaches to stop hypertension diet versus usual dietary advice on glycemic indices in women at risk for cardiovascular disease; a randomized controlled clinical trial

Mohammad Hasan Entezari, Amir Hadi, Marzieh Kafeshani *

1 Food Security Research Center and School of Nutrition & Food Science, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran
*Corresponding author: Marzieh Kafeshani, Ph.D, Email: MarziehKafeshani@hlth.mui.ac.ir

Abstract

Introduction: Diabetes is a global health problem. Dietary factors are important and potentially modifiable risk factors, to prevent and control of diabetes. One of these diets is the dietary approaches to stop hypertension (DASH) diet which may be influenced by risk factors for type 2 diabetes.

Objectives: The main aim of this study was to investigate the effects of DASH diet versus usual dietary advice (UDA) on glycemic indices.Patients and Methods: In this randomized controlled clinical trial 44 healthy obese and overweight women were randomly assigned to the DASH diet or the UDA for 12 weeks. The fasting blood sugar (FBS), serum fasting insulin (FINS) level, and homeostasis model of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) were measured at the first and end of the study.

Results: There were no significant differences in any glycemic indices between two groups, however, FBS reduced in both DASH and UDA groups. Additionally, HOMA-IR and fasting concentration of insulin increased in UDA group.

Conclusion: There was not the difference between recommendations to follow DASH dietary pattern or UDA in glycemic control.

Implication for health policy/practice/research/medical education:

Dietary factors are important and potentially modifiable risk factors to prevent and control of diabetes. As regard to a special component of dietary approaches to stop hypertension (DASH) diet, this diet may be influenced on type 2 diabetes, so this study was conducted to compare the effect of the DASH diet versus usual dietary advice (UDA) on fasting blood sugar (FBS), serum fasting insulin level (FINS), andhomeostasis model of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR). The result of this study suggested that DASH diet cannot improve glycemic markers compared to UDA.

Please cite this paper as: Entezari MH, Hadi A, Kafeshani M. Effects of dietary approaches to stop hypertension diet versus usual dietary advice on glycemic indices in women at risk for cardiovascular disease; a randomized controlled clinical trial. J Renal Inj Prev. 2017;6(3):205-209. DOI: 10.15171/jrip.2017.39.

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