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ePublished: 01 Apr 2014
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J Renal Inj Prev. 2014;3(2): 51-53.
doi: 10.12861/jrip.2014.17
PMID: 25340168
PMCID: PMC4206048
  Abstract View: 1352
  PDF Download: 718

Short Communication

The evaluation of trace elements of interest in kidney disease in commonly consumed greenhouse vegetables in Isfahan, Iran: preliminary results

Mohammad Reza Abdi 1 * , Khadijeh Rezaee Ebrahim Saraee 2 * , Mehdi Rezvani Fard 3, Jamshid Khorsandi 3, Milad Baradaran-Ghahfarokhi 4,5

1 Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, University of Isfahan, Isfahan, Iran
2 Department of Nuclear Engineering, Faculty of Advance Sciences and Technologies, University of Isfahan, Isfahan, Iran
3 Isfahan Miniatori Reactor, Atomic Energy Organization of Iran, Isfahan Nuclear Center, Isfahan, Iran
4 Medical Physics and Medical Engineering Department, School of Medicine, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, 81746-73461, and, Medical Radiation Engineering Department, Faculty of Advanced Sciences & Technologies, Isfahan University, Isfahan, Iran
5 Medical Student’s Research Center, School of Medicine, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran
Dr. Khadijeh Rezaee Ebrahim Saraee, Kh.rezaee@ast.ui.ac.ir

Abstract

Trace elements play a significant role in biological processes. The aim of this study was to evaluate the trace elements of interest in kidney disease in commonly consumed greenhouse vegetables in Isfahan, Iran. Six kinds of greenhouse vegetables namely; Raphanus sativus (Radish), Cucumis sativus (Cucamber), Solanum lycopersicum (Tomato), green Capsicum annuum (Green bell pepper), yellow Capsicum annuum (Yellow bell pepper) and red Capsicum annuum (Red bell pepper) were collected from Isfahan greenhouses, between December 2012 to March 2013. The vegetables were analyzed in order to determine the concentrations of trace elements and trace minerals using instrumental neutron activation analysis (INAA). The results of INAA showed that, the concentrations of Fe (Iron), Mn (Manganese) and Zn (Zinc) were varied from <10-50.0 mgkg-1, 6.8-15.0 mgkg-1 and 10.0-23.0 mgkg-1, respectively. The elemental concentration of Fe, Mn and Zn in all of the samples were less than the defined tolerable Upper Intake Level (UIL). The results of this study revealed that, considering the measured trace elements and mineral content levels, Isfahan greenhouse vegetables do not impose any serious health harmful effects for individuals in the studied area due to their meal consumptions.
Keywords: Greenhouse vegetables, Kidney disease, Trace elements, Trace minerals
Implication for health policy/practice/research/medical education: Nowadays, greenhouse vegetables and fruits production have attracted considerable attentions, particularly as alternative crops of healthy eating. However, the use of chemical pesticides and fertilizers, as a way of increasing greenhouse vegetables and fruits crops, could endanger the human health and impose harmful effects. In this study, six kinds of greenhouse vegetables namely; Raphanus sativus (Radish), Cucumis sativus (Cucamber), Solanum lycopersicum (Tomato), green Capsicum annuum (Green bell pepper), yellow Capsicum annuum (Yellow bell pepper) and red Capsicum annuum (Red bell pepper) were analyzed. The results of this study revealed that, considering the measured trace elements and mineral content levels, Isfahan greenhouse vegetables do not impose any serious health harmful effects for individuals in the studied area due to their meal consumptions. Please cite this paper as: Abdi MR, Rezaee Ebrahim Saraee KH, Rezvani-Fard M, Khorsandi J, Baradaran-Ghahfarokhi M. The evaluation of trace elements of interest in kidney disease in commonly consumed greenhouse vegetables in Isfahan, Iran: preliminary results. J Renal Inj Prev 2014; 3(2):51-53. DOI: 10.12861/jrip.2014.17
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