Ethical Issues [part one]
experimental or clinical study may raise controversial ethical issues (e.g.,
Institutional Ethical Approval for working with animal or human subjects).
Thus, Journal of Renal
expects all authors, reviewers and editors to consider COPE, ICMJE and Equator Network’s reporting guidelines in medical ethics plus scientific
writing. If any, authors should state related declaration(s), otherwise the
following sentence should be given “None to be declared". Please take a
look at the review process in Journal of Renal Injury Prevention.
cover letter must include a statement declaring that the study complies with
current ethical considerations.
issues (including plagiarism, misconduct, data fabrication, falsification,
double publication or redundancy) must completely considered by the authors.
reporting experimental studies on human subjects must include a statement of
assurance in the Materials and Methods section of the manuscript reading that:
(1) informed consent was obtained from each patient enrolled in the study and
(2) the study protocol conforms to the ethical guidelines of the 1975 Declaration of
Helsinki as reflected
in a priori approval by the institution's human research committee. In studies
involving animal experimentation, provide assurance that all animals received
humane care according to the criteria outlined in the "Guide for the Care and
Use of Laboratory Animals"
prepared by the National Academy of Sciences and published by the National
Institutes of Health (NIH publication 86-23 revised 1985).
of Journal of Renal Injury
responsible for deciding which of the articles submitted to the journal should
be published. They are guided by the policies of the journal’s editorial board
and constrained by such legal requirements as shall then be in force regarding
libel, copyright infringement and plagiarism. They actively work to
improve the quality of the journal.
evaluate manuscripts for their intellectual content without regard to race,
gender, sexual orientation, religious belief, ethnic origin, citizenship, or
political philosophy of the authors.
and any editorial staff must not disclose any information about a submitted
manuscript to anyone other than the corresponding author, reviewers, potential
reviewers, other editorial advisers, and the publisher, as appropriate.
and conflicts of interest
materials disclosed in a submitted manuscript must not be used in an editor’s
own research without the express written consent of the author.
DUTIES OF REVIEWERS
to Editorial Decisions
assists the editor in making editorial decisions and through the editorial
communications with the author may also assist the author improving the paper.
Any selected referee who feels unqualified to review the research reported in a
manuscript or knows that its prompt review will be impossible should notify the
editor and excuse himself from the review process.
Any manuscripts received for review must be treated as confidential documents.
They must not be shown to or discussed with others except as authorized by the
should be conducted objectively. Personal criticism of the author is
inappropriate. Referees should express their views clearly with supporting
Ethical Issues [part two]
Please take a look at following guidelines provided by COPE for editors and
reviewers that maybe helpful for authors, too:
Flowcharts shows how
we behave with unethical papers
Redundant (duplicate) publication in submitted manuscript and published article
Suspected plagiarism in submitted manuscript and published article
case, any attempt of plagiarism is brought to our attention accompanied with
convincing evidence, following steps would be taken:
After consulting the respective Editorial Board Members, authors guilty of
plagiarism will be debarred from publishing their papers in Journal of Renal Injury Prevention.
Heads of the Departments/Institutes of the offending authors will be intimated
of such incidences of plagiarism.
In case of confirmation of plagiarism on an already published
article, the Editor will be obliged to withdraw the article from the journal
Editorial Freedom at the Journal of Renal Injury Prevention
Journal of Renal Injury
Prevention is an
international peer-reviewed journal which will publish articles relevant to
protection/prevention of renal failure. The Journal of Renal Injury Prevention adheres to the World Association
of Medical Editors (WAME) Policy on “The Relationship between
Journal Editors-in-Chief and Owners [http://www.wame.org/resources/policies# independence]”
.More specifically, the Editor-in-Chief has editorial independence and as such
has full authority over the journal’s editorial content including how and when
information is published. Editorial decisions are based solely on the validity
of the work and its importance to readers, not on the policies or commercial
interests of the owner. The Journal of Renal Injury Prevention
is a publication of Nickan Research Institute. Neither the Nickan Research Institute, nor other organizations interferes
in the evaluation, selection or editing of individual articles, either directly
or by creating an environment in which editorial decisions are influenced.
Open Access Policy
journal provides immediate open access to its content on the principle that
making research freely available to the public supports a greater global
exchange of knowledge.
Guidelines for Filing a Competing Interest
Definition: Conflict of interest (COI) exists when there is a
divergence between an individual’s private interests (competing interests) and
his or her responsibilities to scientific and publishing activities such that a
reasonable observer might wonder if the individual’s behavior or judgment was
motivated by considerations of his or her competing interests. COI in medical
publishing affects everyone with a stake in research integrity including journals,
research/academic institutions, funding agencies, the popular media, and the
COI may exist in numerous forms including financial ties, academic commitments,
personal relationships, political or religious beliefs, and institutional
affiliations. In managing COI, The Journal of Renal Injury Prevention abides to the policy statement of the WAME. All authors
should declare their COI, if any, during the manuscript submission. Reviewers
are asked to declare their COI after they accept to review a manuscript.
Editors should also declare their COI during handling of a manuscript.
Managing COI depends on disclosure because it is not possible to routinely
monitor or investigate whether competing interests are present. COI disclosed
by authors will be presented in the Editorial Board and an appropriate action
will be taken. Those reviewers and Editors with COI will be excluded from the
manuscript process. If competing interests’ surface from other sources after a
manuscript is submitted or published, The Journal of Renal Injury Prevention investigates allegations of COI and
depending on their nature, appropriate actions will be taken if the allegations
were found to be true. If a manuscript has been published and COI surfaces
later, the journal will publish the results of the investigation as a
correction to the article and ask the author to explain, in a published letter,
why the COI was not revealed earlier.
Disposal of Material
published, all copies of the manuscript, correspondence and artwork will be
held for at least one year before disposal.
Publication Ethics and Malpractice Statement in the Journal of Renal Injury Prevention
Publication and authorship
submitted manuscripts to the Journal of Renal Injury Prevention are subject to strict
peer-review process by at least two international reviewers and one local
reviewer that are experts in the area nephrology.
factors that are taken into account in review are relevance, soundness,
significance, originality, readability and language.
possible decisions include acceptance, acceptance with revisions, or
authors are encouraged to revise and resubmit a submission, there is no
guarantee that the revised submission will be accepted.
manuscripts will not be re-reviewed.
manuscript acceptance is constrained by such legal requirements as shall
then be in force regarding libel, copyright infringement and plagiarism.
research can be included in more than one publication.
must certify that their manuscripts are their original work.
must certify that the manuscript has not previously been published
must certify that the manuscript is not currently being considered for
must participate in the peer review process.
are obliged to provide retractions or corrections of mistakes.
Authors mentioned in the paper must have significantly contributed to the
must state that all data in the paper are real and authentic.
must notify the editors of any conflicts of interest.
must identify all sources used in the creation of their manuscript.
must report any errors they discover in their published paper to the
complete authors’ agreement form provided on the journal website and
send through email to the journal
should keep all information regarding papers confidential and treat them
as privileged information.
should be conducted objectively, with no personal criticism of the author.
should express their views clearly with supporting arguments.
should identify relevant published work that has not been cited by the
should also call to the editor- in-chief's attention any substantial
similarity or overlap between the manuscript under consideration and any
other published paper of which they have personal knowledge.
should not review manuscripts in which they have conflicts of interest
resulting from competitive, collaborative, or other relationships or
connections with any of the authors, companies, or institutions connected
to the papers.
For more information please look at the checklist for review
provided on the journal website.
have complete responsibility and authority to reject/accept an article.
are responsible for the contents and overall quality of the publication.
should always consider the needs of the authors and the readers when
attempting to improve the publication.
should guarantee the quality of the papers and the integrity of the
should publish errata pages or make corrections when needed.
should have a clear picture of a research's funding sources.
should base their decisions solely one the papers' importance,
originality, clarity and relevance to publication's scope.
should not reverse their decisions nor overturn the ones of previous
editors without serious reason.
should preserve the anonymity of reviewers.
should ensure that all research material they publish conforms to
internationally accepted ethical guidelines.
should only accept a paper when reasonably certain.
should act if they suspect misconduct, whether a paper is published or
unpublished, and make all reasonable attempts to persist in obtaining a
resolution to the problem.
should not reject papers based on suspicions, they should have proof of
should not allow any conflicts of interest between staff, authors,
reviewers and board members.
articles published by Journal of Renal Injury Prevention are
committed to publishing only original material, i.e., material that has neither
been published elsewhere, nor is under review elsewhere. Manuscripts that are
found to have been plagiarized from a manuscript by other authors, whether
published or unpublished, will incur plagiarism sanctions.
that are found to have been published elsewhere, or to be under review
elsewhere, will incur duplicate submission/publication sanctions. If authors
have used their own previously published study, or study that is
currently under review, as the basis for a submitted manuscript, they are
required to cite the previous paper and indicate how their submitted manuscript
offers novel contributions beyond those of the previous work.
papers that are found to include citations whose primary purpose is to increase
the number of citations to a given author’s article, or to articles published
in a particular journal, will incur citation manipulation sanctions.
Data Fabrication and Falsification
papers that are found to have either fabricated or falsified experimental
results, including the manipulation of images, will incur data fabrication and
Improper Author Contribution or Attribution
listed authors must have made a significant scientific contribution to the
study in the paper and approved all its claims. It is important to list
everyone who made a significant scientific contribution, including students and
Redundant publications involve the inappropriate
division of study outcomes into several articles.