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Submitted: 10 Nov 2022
Accepted: 01 Jan 2023
ePublished: 09 Feb 2023
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J Renal Inj Prev. 2023;12(4): e32160.
doi: 10.34172/jrip.2023.32160

Scopus ID: 85174686378
  Abstract View: 962
  PDF Download: 507

Review

A systematic review and meta-analysis of prevalence of urinary tract infection in childhood

Tayebe Jamshidbeigi 1 ORCID logo, Amir Adibi 2 ORCID logo, Seyed Mohammad Amin Hashemipour 3 ORCID logo, Diana Sarokhani 4 ORCID logo, Ali Hasanpour Dehkordi 5 ORCID logo, Moloud Fakhri 6* ORCID logo, Shakiba Alaienezhad 7* ORCID logo

1 Department of Internal Medicine, Ilam University of Medical Sciences, Ilam, Iran
2 Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Ilam University of Medical Sciences, Ilam, Iran
3 Young Researchers and Elites Club, Faculty of Medicine, Islamic Azad University, Yazd Branch, Yazd, Iran
4 Nickan Research Institute, Isfahan, Iran
5 Community-Oriented Nursing Midwifery Research Center, Nursing and Midwifery School, Shahrekord University of Medical Sciences, Shahrekord, Iran
6 Traditional and Complementary Medicine Research Center, Addiction Institute, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran
7 General Medicine, College of Medicine, University of Baghdad, Baghdad, Iraq
*Corresponding Authors: Moloud Fakhri, Email: mmfir@yahoo.com, , Email: m.fakhri@mazums.ac.ir; Shakiba Alaienezhad, Email: shakiba.alaie@gmail.com

Abstract

Introduction: Urinary tract infection (UTI) is considered as one of the most important causes of fever and hospitalization in children. The present study was conducted with the aim of investigating the prevalence of UTIs in children through meta-analysis.

Methods: This meta-analysis study was conducted on individuals aged >18 years. In order to retrieve the studied, the following domestic and foreign databases were searched: PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, and Cochrane. The obtained data were analyzed in STATA version 14 at the significance level of P<0.05.

Results: In 36 studies with 78212 samples published between 2000 and 2021, the prevalence of UTIs in children was reported at 15% (95% CI: 13%, 17%). It was 16% in girls (95% CI: 12%, 19%) and 10% in boys (95% CI: 7%, 13%). The most common cause of UTI in children was Escherichia coli with 58% (95% CI: 46%, 69%). The least common prevalence was reported in the UK with 6% (95% CI: 5%, 6%) and the USA with 6% (95% CI: 5%, 8%) and the highest prevalence was reported in Iraq with 43% (95% CI 39%, 48%).

Conclusion: Approximately one out of 10 people suffers UTI and this rate is increasing over time and the prevalence of UTIs in girls is about 1.5 times higher than that in boys.

Registration: This study has been compiled based on the PRISMA checklist, and its protocol was registered on the PROSPERO (ID: CRD42021290886, https://www.crd.york.ac.uk/ prospero/display_record.php?ID=CRD42021290886).


Implication for health policy/practice/research/medical education:

Almost one out of 10 people suffers a childhood urinary tract infection (UTI). The prevalence of UTI in girls is about 1.5 times higher than that of boys. Therefore, gender is a risk factor for childhood UTI and girls are more prone to UTI compared to boys.

Please cite this paper as: Jamshidbeigi T, Adibi A, Hashemipour SMA, Sarokhani D, Hasanpour Dehkordi A, Fakhri M, Alaienezhad S. A systematic review and meta-analysis of prevalence of urinary tract infection in childhood. J Renal Inj Prev. 2023; 12(4): e32160. doi: 10.34172/jrip.2023.32160.

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