eISSN: 2345-2781  



First published online: 01 Sep 2015
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J Renal Inj Prev. 2015;4(3).
doi: 10.12861/jrip.2015.12
PMID: 26468475
PMCID: PMC4594214

Editorial

Drug-induced renal disorders

Fatemeh Ghane Shahrbaf 1, Farahnak Assadi 2 *

1 Department of Pediatrics, Section of Nephrology, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran
2 Department of Pediatrics, Section of Nephrology, Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, Illinois, USA
*Corresponding author: Prof. Farahnak Assadi, Email: Farahnak_asssadi@rush.edu

Abstract

Drug-induced nephrotoxicity are more common among infants and young children and in certain clinical situations such as underlying renal dysfunction and cardiovascular disease. Drugs can cause acute renal injury, intrarenal obstruction, interstitial nephritis, nephrotic syndrome, and acid-base and fluid electrolytes disorders. Certain drugs can cause alteration in intraglomerular hemodynamics, inflammatory changes in renal tubular cells, leading to acute kidney injury (AKI), tubulointerstitial disease and renal scarring. Drug-induced nephrotoxicity tends to occur more frequently in patients with intravascular volume depletion, diabetes, congestive heart failure, chronic kidney disease, and sepsis. Therefore, early detection of drugs adverse effects is important to prevent progression to end-stage renal disease. Preventive measures requires knowledge of mechanisms of drug-induced nephrotoxicity, understanding patients and drug-related risk factors coupled with therapeutic intervention by correcting risk factors, assessing baseline renal function before initiation of therapy, adjusting the drug dosage and avoiding use of nephrotoxic drug combinations

Implication for health policy/practice/research/medical education:

Drug-induced nephrotoxicity are more common among infants and young children and in certain clinical situations such as underlying renal dysfunction and cardiovascular disease. Drugs can cause acute renal injury, intra-renal obstruction, interstitial nephritis, nephrotic syndrome, and acid-base and fluid electrolytes disorders. Early detection of drugs adverse effects is important to prevent progression to end-stage renal disease. Preventive measures requires knowledge of mechanisms of drug-induced nephrotoxicity, understanding patients and drug-related risk factors coupled with therapeutic intervention by correcting risk factors, assessing baseline renal function before initiation of therapy, adjusting the drug dosage and avoiding use of nephrotoxic drug combinations.

Please cite this paper as: Ghane Shahrbaf F, Assadi F. Drug-induced renal disorders. J Renal Inj Prev. 2015; 4(3): 57-60. DOI: 10.12861/jrip.2015.12

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