eISSN: 2345-2781  
Submitted: 09 Apr 2018

Accepted: 10 Jul 2018
First published online: 13 Aug 2018
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J Renal Inj Prev. 2018;7(4):314-320.
doi: 10.15171/jrip.2018.68

Review

Acute renal failure during the pregnancy: a review on pathophysiology, risk factors and management

Abolfazl Abdollahpour 1, Hoda Doustmohammadi 2, Leila Sadeghi 3, Babak Hosseinzadeh Zoroufchi 1 *

1 Department of Anesthesiology, Kowsar Hospital, Semnan University of Medical Sciences, Semnan, Iran 2
2 Department of Anatomy, School of Medicine, Semnan University of Medical Sciences, Semnan, Iran
3 Center of obstetrics and Gynecology, Shahid Mahallati Hospital, Tabriz, Iran
*Corresponding author: Babak Hosseinzadeh Zoroufchi, Email: Email: babak.hoseinzadeh@semums.ac.ir

Abstract

Acute renal failure (ARF) is a major medical problem during pregnancy with maternal and fetal outcomes. While the trend of pregnancy-related ARF is on a decline due to the advances in obstetrics care and the legality of abortion among developed countries, this situation remains one of the serious health problems in the developing nations. This review aims to evaluate the current studies with regards to pregnancy related ARF pathophysiology, risk factors and treatment. PubMed, Embase, Scopus and directory of open access journals (DOAJ) databases were searched to obtain the information. Most of the studies in this review were conducted in observational, both prospective and retrospective studies. Results demonstrated a variety of major pregnancy-related ARF causes including obstetric hemorrhage, hypertensive disorders in pregnancy, sepsis, thrombotic microangiopathy and acute fatty liver in pregnancy. Aside from awareness of the pathogenesis of pregnancy-related ARF and its risk factors, understanding the physiological renal adaptation during pregnancy is essential for early detection, diagnosis, and proper management to prevent the pregnancy related complications.

Implication for health policy/practice/research/medical education:

Obstetric acute renal failure (ARF) is a serious condition which can occur in different phases of pregnancy. Its materno-fetal outcomes hence remain as a critical pregnancy-related complication in both developed and developing countries.

Please cite this paper as: Abdollahpour A, Doustmohammadi H, Sadeghi L, Hosseinzadeh Zoroufchi B. Acute renal failure during the pregnancy: a review on pathophysiology, risk factors and management. J Renal Inj Prev. 2018;7(4):314-320. DOI: 10.15171/jrip.2018.68.

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