Submitted: 04 Feb 2018
Accepted: 10 Apr 2018
First published online: 06 May 2018
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J Renal Inj Prev. 2018;7(3):175-179.
doi: 10.15171/jrip.2018.42

Scopus id: 85050104979
  Abstract View: 1034
  PDF Download: 527


Effects of mobile phone prolonged radiation on kidney cells; an in-vitro study

Golshan Mahmoudi 1, Safoora Nikzad 2 * , Mohammad Mehrpouyan 3, Masoud Moslehi 4, Milad BaradaranGhahfarokhi 4,5, Amirreza Dashty 6

1 Medical Physics Department, Sabzevar University of Medical Sciences, Sabzevar, Iran
2 Department of Medical Physics, Faculty of Medicine, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran
3 Radiology and Radiotherapy Department, Faculty of Medicine, Sabzevar University of Medical Science, Sabzevar, Iran
4 Department of Medical Physics and Medical Engineering & Students Research Committee, School of Medicine, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran
5 Department of Medical Radiation Engineering, Faculty of Advanced Sciences & Technologies, Isfahan University, Isfahan, Iran
6 School of Medicine, Bandar-Abbas University of Medical Sciences, Hormozgan, Iran
*Corresponding author: Safoora Nikzad, PhD; Email: Email:


Introduction: Mobile phones have been shown to have hazardous effects on the human renal system, reproduction and development, central nervous system and immune function.

Objectives: This study aimed to investigate whether the mobile phone prolonged radiofrequency (RF) radiation could affect healthy kidney cells in an in-vitro study.

Materials and Methods: Human kidney healthy cells in three groups were placed into three batches. The first and second groups (exposed groups) were exposed to a mobile phone simulator for 1 and 2 h/d, respectively. The irradiation was performed for 8 consecutive days. For the third group (control group), no radiation was applied to the samples and they completed the assay cycle under identical conditions. Cells’ survival was evaluated using MTT [3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol–2- yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide] assay. Statistical significance of the differences between control and exposed groups were assessed using the repeated measure ANOVA method (P<0.05).

Results: Results showed that radiation exposure from mobile phones simulator decreased the kidney cell survival in the exposed groups (up to 40%). ANOVA test revealed that a significant decrease in cell survival in the exposed group compared to the control group (P=0.014). No significant differences between the irradiated groups were found (P>0.05).

Conclusion: Mobile phone exposure affects kidney cells survival during an in vitro condition. To study the effects of mobile phone radiation on kidney, further in vivo studies on mammalians are needed.

Implication for health policy/practice/research/medical education:

Nowadays, mobile phones are widely used not only for making calls but also for many other applications, such as banking transactions and web browsing. Histological and physiological studies have shown the hazardous effects of mobile phones on the human central nervous system, cardiovascular system, immune function, reproduction and development. It should be noted that mobile telephone radiation may be absorbed by kidney more than other internal organs because mobile phones are often carried in belts. The present study investigated that the mobile phone prolonged radiofrequency radiation could affect healthy kidney cells in an in vitro study.

Please cite this paper as: Mahmoudi G, Nikzad S, Mehrpouyan M, Moslehi M, Baradaran-Ghahfarokhi M, Dashty A. Effects of mobile phone prolonged radiation on kidney cells; an in-vitro study. J Renal Inj Prev. 2018;7(3):175-179. DOI: 10.15171/jrip.2018.42. 

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