In COVID-19 infection, most of the renal disturbances are due to acute tubular necrosis. Renal dysfunction occurs in severe COVID-19 infection and is usually secondary to sepsis, cytokine storm, and hypotension. Other conditions, such as exacerbated inflammatory responses, dehydration, hypoxia, hypercoagulability, endothelial damage, pneumonia, septicemia, drug nephrotoxicity, and myocardial dysfunction also contribute to renal failure.
Implication for health policy/practice/research/medical education:
Acute kidney injury occurs in patients with COVID-19 infection and has been reported to be associated with in-patient hospital mortality.
Please cite this paper as: Jahangiri D, Mojtahedi Z, Moonesan MR. COVID-19 and kidney failure; a mini-review to recent evidence. J Renal Inj Prev. 2022; 11(4): 31971. doi: 10.34172/jrip.2022.31971.